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Melanochlamys droupadi

Why is it in the news?

  • The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) named a new marine species of head-shield sea slug discovered from West Bengal and Odisha coast after President of India Droupadi Murmu.
  • The species, named Melanochlamys droupadi, was discovered in Digha of West Bengal coast and Udaipur of Odisha coast.

More about the news

  • Melanochlamys genus species are characterized by a short, blunt, and cylindrical body with a smooth dorsal surface having two dorsal equal or unequal shields.
  • Melanochlamys droupadi is a small invertebrate, brownish black in colour with a ruby red spot at the hind end, hermaphrodite in nature, and typically found crawling on the intertidal zone.
  • Reproduction of Melanochlamys droupadi occurs between November and January.

·       ZSI researchers published a scientific paper detailing the characteristics and behaviour of Melanochlamys droupadi, including their secretion of transparent mucus to prevent sand grains from entering parapodial space, and their habit of crawling beneath smooth sand to form a moving capsule.


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