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Large Language Models (LLMs)

Why is it in the news?

  • India aims to develop Large Language Models (LLMs) for Indian languages, recognizing their significance in addressing societal challenges and advancing technology.
  • LLMs are key to intelligent software applications like ChatGPT.

National Deep Tech Startup Policy (NDTSP)

Significance of LLMs for India

·       Preserving Linguistic Diversity: LLMs can help preserve and promote linguistic diversity and cultural representation in India.

·       Enhancing Accessibility: They can bridge the digital divide, foster inclusivity, and improve accessibility for all.

·       Supporting Local Businesses: LLMs enable the creation of language-specific applications, supporting unique regional needs and local businesses.

·       National Security: LLMs contribute to data and technology control, enhancing national security.

Draft National Deep Tech Startup Policy (NDTSP)

  • The NDTSP aims to establish India’s position in the global deep tech value chain, focusing on semiconductors, AI, and space technology.
  • It fosters innovation, economic growth, and societal development through research-driven deep tech startups.

Key Pillars of NDTSP

  • Ensuring Economic Security
  • Transition to a Knowledge-Driven Economy
  • Atma Nirbhar Bharat Imperative (Self-reliance)
  • Ethical Innovation

Priorities under NDTSP

  • R&D and Innovation: Promoting research and innovation in deep technology.
  • Intellectual Property: Safeguarding intellectual property rights.
  • Funding: Providing financial support to startups.
  • Infrastructure: Developing necessary infrastructure.
  • Regulatory Environment: Creating conducive regulations for innovations.
  • Diversity & Capacity Building: Fostering diversity and skill development.
  • Adoption: Encouraging the adoption of deep tech solutions.
  • Policy Interlinkages: Integrating policies for synergy.

 Collaborations on LLM Models

  • Collaboration through the Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technology (iCET) to establish an open, accessible, and secure technology ecosystem.
  • Focus on mutual trust, shared values, and democratic institutions.

Way Forward

  • Address cultural diversity challenges by ensuring services in all Indian languages, especially for those without easy technology access.

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