Why is it in the news?
- Ladakh Sea Buckthorn, a versatile plant with various uses, has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indication Registry.
About Sea Buckthorn
- Sea buckthorn is scientifically known as Hippophae rhamnoides.
- In India, this plant thrives in the Himalayan region, particularly in arid zones like the cold deserts of Ladakh and Spiti.
- Sea buckthorn is known for its small, orange or yellow berries, which, despite their sour taste, are rich in vitamin C.
- This plant is highly regarded for its ability to withstand extreme temperatures, ranging from minus 43 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees Celsius. Its drought-resistant nature makes it well-suited to arid environments.
Significance of Sea Buckthorn
- Every part of the sea buckthorn plant, including the fruit, leaf, twig, root, and thorns, has been utilized for medicinal purposes. It is also used as a nutritional supplement and even as a source of fuel. This versatility in applications makes it a valuable resource.
- Sea buckthorn plays a crucial role in the ecosystem. It provides sustenance for various bird species during periods of limited food sources. Additionally, its leaves serve as protein-rich fodder for cold desert animals like sheep, goats, and double-humped camels.
- Sea buckthorn is affectionately known by several names, including the ‘Wonder Plant,’ ‘Ladakh Gold,’ ‘Golden Bush,’ or the ‘Gold Mine’ of cold deserts.
|Geographical Indication (GI) Tag
· A GI or Geographical Indication tag is a designation used for products that have a specific geographical origin or possess qualities that can be attributed specifically to that region.
· In India, Geographical Indications registration is administered by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act of 1999.
· Once a product receives a GI tag, no one else can sell a similar item under that name. This legal protection ensures that the product’s origin is recognized and protected.
· The GI tag is valid for a period of 10 years, after which it can be renewed.
Benefits of GI Tag
· It confers legal protection to Geographical Indications in India, preventing unauthorized use by others.
· GI tags promote and protect the unique products of specific regions, thereby boosting exports.
· GI tags contribute to the economic prosperity of producers and artisans from the designated geographical territory.