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Jal Jeevan Mission

Why is it in the news?

  • Though official reports claim 100% household tap connections in some villages, but many lack taps or receive limited water.
    • Despite official claims, reliance on groundwater through handpumps continues in many villages.
  • Challenges include continuous water supply and laying pipes in difficult terrains.

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  • Launched on August 15, 2019, Jal Jeevan Mission falls under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission’s primary objective is to provide safe and sufficient drinking water to all rural households in India through individual household tap connections by 2024.
  • The JJM defines an (Functional Household Tap Connection) FHTC household as one where at least 55 liters of potable water per person per day is available.
  • It emphasizes activities such as grey water management, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting to promote sustainable water use.
  • The mission adopts a community-based approach to water management and includes extensive Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) efforts to create awareness and involvement at the grassroots level.
  • The funding pattern for the mission varies:
    • 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States.
    • 50:50 for other states.
    • 100% for Union Territories.
  • The mission aims to:
    • Assist states and UTs in planning rural water supply strategies.
    • Develop water supply infrastructure to provide Functional Tap Connections (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024.

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