Why is it in the news?
- Though official reports claim 100% household tap connections in some villages, but many lack taps or receive limited water.
- Despite official claims, reliance on groundwater through handpumps continues in many villages.
- Challenges include continuous water supply and laying pipes in difficult terrains.
Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)
- Launched on August 15, 2019, Jal Jeevan Mission falls under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- Jal Jeevan Mission’s primary objective is to provide safe and sufficient drinking water to all rural households in India through individual household tap connections by 2024.
- The JJM defines an (Functional Household Tap Connection) FHTC household as one where at least 55 liters of potable water per person per day is available.
- It emphasizes activities such as grey water management, water conservation, and rainwater harvesting to promote sustainable water use.
- The mission adopts a community-based approach to water management and includes extensive Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) efforts to create awareness and involvement at the grassroots level.
- The funding pattern for the mission varies:
- 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States.
- 50:50 for other states.
- 100% for Union Territories.
- The mission aims to:
- Assist states and UTs in planning rural water supply strategies.
- Develop water supply infrastructure to provide Functional Tap Connections (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024.