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ISRO’s Second Rocket Launch port

Why is it in the news?

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated ISRO’s second rocket launchport at
  • Located in coastal Tamil Nadu’s Thoothukudi district, the Rs 986 crore facility is strategically positioned for commercial, on-demand, and small satellite launches, catering exclusively to these missions.

Reasons for Building a New Launchport

  • Increasing Demand for Launches: With the recent policy shift opening up India’s space sector to private players, there’s an anticipated increase in the number of commercial satellite launches.
  • Prevent Overburdening: The existing Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR in Sriharikota has been handling all launches, including both government and commercial missions. Building a new launch port helps prevent overloading this facility, ensuring efficient operations.
  • Dedicated Infrastructure: The new launchport at Kulasekarapattinam is specifically designed for commercial, on-demand, and small satellite launches. This specialization enhances efficiency and streamlines operations for these types of missions.

Location and its advantages

  • Geographical Advantage: Kulasekarapattinam, situated in coastal Tamil Nadu鈥檚 Thoothukudi district, offers strategic advantages due to its proximity to the sea.
  • Strategic Positioning for SSLV Launches: The location allows for direct southward trajectories, particularly beneficial for missions involving the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV). This minimizes fuel consumption and enhances efficiency.
  • Equatorial Proximity: Both Kulasekarapattinam and Sriharikota launchports are located close to the equator, which is advantageous for satellite launches due to the higher velocity imparted by Earth’s rotation.
About SSLVs

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 SSLV is a three-stage launch vehicle designed specifically for launching small satellites.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Capable of launching satellites weighing between 10 to 500kg into Low Earth Orbit (LEO).

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 SSLVs are ideal for commercial and on-demand launches, offering cost-effective solutions for launching mini, micro, or nano satellites.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 SSLVs offer lower costs and shorter flight times for satellite insertion into orbits, making them attractive for various satellite projects.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 SSLV is a relatively new addition to ISRO’s launch capabilities, aimed at catering to the growing demand for small satellite launches.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The SSLV-D1 mission encountered a failure, but subsequent SSLV-D2 mission achieved success, indicating progress in SSLV development.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 SSLV launches have been conducted from the existing SHAR facility in Sriharikota.

Features of Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR)

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Situated along the east coast of Andhra Pradesh, SHAR is equipped with essential facilities for launch operations, including solid propellant processing, telemetry services, and mission control.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 SHAR houses two launch complexes, utilized for launching various launch vehicles, including the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV), and GSLV Mk-III/LVM3.


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