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International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Why is it in the news?

  • India secures re-election to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Council, maintaining its position for the next two years.
  • Re-elected for two years in the category of 10 states with the largest interest in international seaborne trade.


IMO’s Responsibilities
– Specialized agency of the UN (established in 1948).
– Responsible for the safety and security of shipping globally.
– Aims to prevent marine and atmospheric pollution caused by ships.


Role of IMO in Environmental Protection
– MARPOL Convention covers pollution of the marine environment by ships.
– Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) designations for extra protection.
– London Convention regulates sea waste dumping and addresses climate change mitigation.


Role of IMO in Maritime Safety and Security
– SOLAS Convention sets standards for ship construction, equipment, and operation.
– Counter-piracy measures include a globally integrated shipping information system and Djibouti Code of Conduct.
– IMO’s Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) works on preventing and suppressing drug smuggling on ships.



About International Maritime Organization (IMO)

  • Specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1948.
  • India is a member among 175 members and 3 associate members.
  • Organizational structure includes an Assembly, a Council, and five main Committees along with sub-committees.
  • IMO Council acts as the Executive Organ of IMO.

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