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India’s First AI Unicorn

Why is it in the news?

  • Krutrim, an AI firm under the Ola group, has achieved unicorn status, with a valuation of $1 billion after raising $50 million in a funding round.
About Unicorn

·       A unicorn refers to a privately held startup company with a valuation exceeding $1 billion.

·       These companies are rare and unique, characterized by rapid growth, disruptive business models, and substantial investor interest.

·       The pandemic-induced shift to remote work has accelerated the growth of digital businesses in India, leading to the emergence of numerous unicorns.

·       Factors such as a robust digital payments ecosystem, large smartphone user base, and digital-first business models have contributed to the proliferation of unicorns.

·       India is now home to 111 unicorns with a total valuation of $349.67 billion as of 2023, with Bengaluru serving as the unicorn capital followed by Delhi (NCR) and Mumbai.

Significance of Unicorns for the Indian Economy

·       Unicorns play a crucial role in job creation, fostering innovation and technology development, attracting foreign investments, and boosting economic growth.

·       They also serve as inspiration for aspiring entrepreneurs, contributing to the overall entrepreneurship ecosystem and enhancing India’s global recognition as a hub for technology and business innovation.

Government Support Measures

·       The Indian government has implemented various initiatives to support startups and unicorns, such as the Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), Multiplier Grant Scheme (MGS), Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS), Startup India Initiative, Startup India Seed Fund Scheme, and Fund of Funds for Startups (FFS).

·       These schemes provide financial assistance, mentorship, and infrastructure support to startups, enabling them to thrive and scale their operations.

Challenges Faced by Startup Ecosystem

·       Despite the growth of unicorns, challenges such as regulatory hurdles, high operational costs, and the lack of a dedicated stock exchange for startups hinder their growth and scalability.

·       Additionally, stringent listing norms on existing stock exchanges may not align with the needs of startups, preventing them from going public.





  • The success of India’s startup ecosystem is integral to the country’s economic growth, with promising long-term prospects projected by organizations like the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • Investment activity in startups is expected to increase in the coming years, bolstering India’s position as a top investment destination.
  • To further support the growth of startups, there is a need for increased investments in professional upskilling and education, emphasizing the empowerment of workers.

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