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India’s External Affairs Minister visit to Malaysia

Why is it in the news?

  • The External Affairs Minister of India recently visited Malaysia to bolster bilateral ties and discuss a wide range of cooperation areas.

 India-Malaysia Relations

Diplomatic Relations·       India and Malaysia have maintained diplomatic relations since Malaysia’s independence from British rule in 1957.

·       Both countries are active members of various international organizations.

Trade and Economic Relations·       Malaysia is India’s 13th largest trading partner.

·       The India-Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Co-operation Agreement (CECA) enhances economic cooperation.

·       Further, the Trade settlements conducted in Indian rupees.

Defense and Security·       Defense cooperation has grown steadily since the signing of a defense cooperation memorandum in 1993.

·       Joint military exercises and Malaysia’s interest in Indian light fighter jets.

Strategic Partnership·       Transitioned from a Strategic Partnership to an Enhanced Strategic Partnership.

·       Cooperation includes defense, counter-terrorism, maritime security, and cultural exchanges.

Tourism and Diaspora·       Tourism strengthens people-to-people ties.

·       Bilateral agreements facilitate tourism and cultural exchange.

·       Significant Indian diaspora in Malaysia strengthens historical and cultural bonds.

Cultural Ties·       Indian influence evident in language, religion, architecture, cuisine, and festivals in Malaysia.

·       Cultural affinity fosters mutual understanding and appreciation between the two nations.

Top of Form

Bottom of Form


  • Trade Disputes and Imbalances: Despite the overall positive trajectory of bilateral trade, issues related to tariffs, non-tariff barriers, and trade restrictions have occasionally strained economic relations between India and Malaysia.


  • Geopolitical Considerations: Both India and Malaysia have diverse foreign policy priorities and engagements with other nations, which can sometimes lead to differences in strategic perspectives and priorities.


  • The visit of the External Affairs Minister underscores the enduring strength and resilience of India-Malaysia relations, which have stood the test of time and evolved into a multifaceted partnership covering various sectors.
  • As both countries commemorate 65 years of modern diplomatic relations, there is a shared commitment to further deepen and diversify bilateral cooperation across political, economic, defense, cultural, and other domains.

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