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Inauguration of Ayodhya Dham Junction Railway Station

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • PM Narendra Modi inaugurated Phase 1 of Ayodhya Dham Junction Railway Station with elevators, escalators, food plazas, and other modern amenities.
  • The station is designed to be ‘accessible for all,’ emphasizing inclusivity.
  • Ayodhya Dham Junction holds the status of an ‘IGBC certified green station building,’ indicating a commitment to environmental sustainability.

New Amrit Bharat Trains

  • Darbhanga-Ayodhya-Anand Vihar Terminal Express
  • Malda Town-Sir M. Visvesvaraya Terminus (Bengaluru) Express

New Vande Bharat Trains

  • PM launched six new Vande Bharat Trains with routes including Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Katra-New Delhi, Amritsar-Delhi, Coimbatore-Bangalore Cantt, Mangalore-Madgaon, Jalna-Mumbai, and Ayodhya-Anand Vihar Terminal.

 Other Projects

  • PM dedicated three railway projects worth Rs. 2300 crore for regional rail infrastructure strengthening.

1) Rooma Chakeri-Chanderi Third Line

2) Jaunpur-Ayodhya-Barabanki Doubling

3) Malhaur-Daliganj Doubling and Electrification

About Amrit Bharat Express

·       Amrit Bharat Express, formerly Vande Sadharan, is a non-air-conditioned, cost-effective sleeper cum unreserved service express trains run by the Indian Railways.

·       The trains connect cities over 800 km apart or requiring more than ten hours of travel with existing services.

·       Manufactured by Integral Coach Factory at Chennai.

·       The first service commenced on December 30, 2023.

Key Features:

·       Operates on “push-pull” technology with locomotives at both ends for better acceleration.

·       Operates at a maximum speed of 130 km/h.

·       Each train-set consists of 22 coaches.

·       Improved facilities include comfortable seats, better luggage rack, mobile charging points with suitable holders, LED lights, CCTV, public information system, among others.


About Vande Bharat Trains

·       Indigenously designed and manufactured semi-high-speed, self-propelled trains.

·       Represents a major leap for Indian Railways in terms of speed and passenger convenience.

·       Manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai, under the ‘Make in India’ program.

Key Features:

·       Train set technology adaptation for increased speed and efficiency.

·       Train sets are faster, easier to maintain, consume less energy, and offer greater operational flexibility.

·       Currently, two operational routes: New Delhi to Varanasi and New Delhi to Katra.

·       Plans to manufacture 400 new trains with aluminium bodies for better efficiency and reduced weight.

·       Operate without a locomotive, based on distributed traction power technology.

·       Passenger amenities include on-board WiFi, entertainment, GPS-based passenger information, CCTVs, automatic doors, rotating chairs, and bio-vacuum toilets.

·       Maximum speed of 160 kmph, reducing journey time by 25% to 45%.

·       Intelligent braking system with power regeneration for improved energy efficiency.

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