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By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Recently, Iceland experienced a volcanic eruption.

About Iceland

  • Capital: Reykjavik
  • Iceland is an island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean.
  • It is part of the Nordic Countries, along with Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden.
  • Bounded by Greenland Sea to the North, Norwegian Sea to the East, Atlantic Ocean to the South and West, and Denmark Strait to the Northwest.
  • Underlain by basalt, a dark rock of igneous origin.
  • Positioned on the Mid Atlantic Ridge, formed at a divergent plate boundary where the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate are moving away from each other.
  • Highest Peak: Hvan-nadals Peak
  • Major River: Thjórs River

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