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Goan Cashew gets GI Tag


Why is it in the news?

  • Recently, Goan Cashew (kernel)got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag where recognition is hailed as a great opportunity for the cashew industry in the state and “a milestone towards Swayampurna Goa mission”.

More about the Gaon Cashew

About

  • Cashew was initially native to northeast Brazil in Latin America. The Portuguese introduced Goan Cashew to Goa in the 16th century, around 1570.
  • Initially, it was planted for afforestation and soil conservation purposes. However, its economic value became evident a century later.
  • Over time, cashew production evolved from a cottage industry to a significant contributor to Goa’s economy, primarily driven by demand from the United States.

Key Facts about Cashew

 Importance in India

  • Cashew is among India’s crucial plantation crops, playing a significant role in foreign exchange earnings.
  • In Goa, it occupies the largest area among horticultural crops.

 Suitable Soil and Climate

  • Well-drained deep sandy loam soils are ideal for cashew cultivation.
  • Cashew does not tolerate waterlogging, making heavy clay soils unsuitable.
  • It thrives in various soil types, ranging from sandy to laterite.

 Adaptation to Indian Coastal Regions

  • Cashew is well-suited for Indian coastal areas with relative humidity between 60% to 95%; and annual precipitation ranging from 2000 to 3500 mm.

 Temperature Requirements

  • Cashew cultivation thrives in hot and humid conditions.
  • Suitable temperatures range from 20°C to 38°C.
  • Extremely low temperatures and frost are detrimental to cashew plantations.

Major Producing States (2021-2022)

  • Maharashtra: Leading producer of cashew nuts.
  • Followed by Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Meghalaya, and Gujarat.
Geographical Indication (GI)

·       Geographical Indication (GI) is used to identify goods with unique characteristics originating from a specific geographical area.

·       The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999, governs the registration and protection of GIs in India.

·       GI protection is aligned with the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).

·       GI covers agricultural, natural, and manufactured products, including handicrafts and industrial goods.

·       GI tags are initially valid for 10 years and can be renewed.

·       GI registration prohibits others from selling similar products under the same name.

·       It offers legal protection against unauthorized use and promotes exports.

·       GI tags assure customers of product authenticity.

·       The registration process involves application filing, scrutiny, examination, show cause notice, journal publication, opposition, and final registration.

·       Associations, producers, organizations, or authorities established by law can apply for GI registration.

·       Examples of GI-tagged products include Basmati rice, Darjeeling Tea, Chanderi Fabric, Mysore Silk, Kullu Shawl, Kangra Tea, Thanjavur Paintings, Allahabad Surkha, Farrukhabad Prints, Lucknow Zardozi, Kashmir Saffron, and Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving.

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