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Gender-Related Killings

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Global Research Brief on gender-related killings of Women and Girls (Femicide/Feminicide) was released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and UN Women.
  • Focuses on intentional killings committed on the grounds of gender-related factors affecting women and girls.

 

Gender-Related Killings

·       Involves intentional killings based on factors like men’s entitlement, social norms on masculinity, and the need to assert male control or power.

 

Major Findings

  • In 2022, nearly 89,000 women and girls globally intentionally killed, marking the highest number in the past two decades.
  • Female homicides not decreasing despite a global decrease in overall homicides.
  • Family-Related Homicide: In 2022, around 48,800 women and girls killed by intimate partners or family members. Females represent 53% of all killings in homes and 66% of intimate partner killings. Only 12% of male homicide victims killed by persons known to them.
  • Regional Estimates: Africa, with around 20,000 victims in 2022, surpasses Asia for the first time since 2013 in terms of absolute numbers.
  • Indian Scenario: Small decline in gender-based killings in India over the past decade; and Persistence of killings related to dowry, accusations of witchcraft, and other gender-related factors.

 

UN Recommendations for Action Against Femicide

  • Promote changes in harmful social norms through educational programs.
  • Implement women’s safety audits for urban environments.
  • Encourage reporting and early detection of violence.
  • Ensure equal protection and access to justice for women.
  • Provide victims with prompt and accurate information about their rights.
  • Allocate adequate resources for victims’ rights.

 

Femicide or feminicide

·       Femicide or feminicide is the intentional killing of women or girls solely based on their gender.

·       Rooted in deeply ingrained societal attitudes, femicide is a gender-based crime that highlights discrimination against women.

·       Unlike general homicide, femicide specifically targets individuals due to their gender, highlighting a systemic issue.

·       Perpetrators often include partners, family members, or individuals motivated by misogyny, gender-based violence, or cultural beliefs that devalue women.

·       Femicide transcends borders and is a global concern, necessitating comprehensive efforts to address gender-based violence and promote equality.

 

 

Violence Against Women in India

  • Complex issue with historical, cultural, and socio-economic roots.
  • Includes domestic violence, sexual violence, female infanticide, dowry system, honour killings, and gender inequality.

 

Steps Taken by Government of India Against Femicide

 

Legislation/InitiativeYearPurpose/Description
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 20052005Addresses domestic violence, providing legal protection.
Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 20132013Amendments to criminal laws for enhanced women’s safety.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaignLaunched in 2015Encourages the birth and education of the girl child.
Fast-track courts for expedited trialsImplementation varies by stateAims to speed up legal proceedings in cases of violence.
One-Stop Centres (OSCs) for integrated supportLaunched in 2015Provides comprehensive support services for women.
Women Helpline (181) and mobile apps for emergency alertsHelpline established in 2015Emergency assistance and support for women in distress.

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