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Why is it in the news?

  • India’s GDP surged to a six-quarter high of 8.4% in Q3 FY24, while GVA growth stood at 6.5% during the same period, as reported by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Gross Value Added (GVA)

·       GVA quantifies the value of goods and services produced within a country’s borders, after deducting the cost of inputs and raw materials.

·       It adjusts GDP by incorporating subsidies and taxes on products, providing a more accurate representation of economic activity.

·       GVA reflects the additional value generated in the production process, indicating the contribution of various sectors to the economy.

·       Changes in GVA signify changes in the efficiency and productivity of different sectors, offering insights into economic performance.

·       GVA allows for a detailed analysis of individual sectors, facilitating comparisons and policy decisions to boost specific industries.

·       GVA is commonly used for international comparisons, providing a standardized measure of economic output across countries.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

·       GDP measures the total value of all goods and services produced within a country’s borders during a specific period.

·       GDP provides a comprehensive overview of a nation’s economic performance, encompassing consumption, investment, government spending, and net exports.

·       It reflects the aggregate output of the economy, serving as a key indicator of its overall health and growth trajectory.

·       GDP offers a macroscopic perspective on economic activity, influencing policy decisions and investment strategies.

·       GDP facilitates comparisons of economic performance over time and across different regions, aiding in the assessment of relative prosperity.

·       GDP can be adjusted for inflation to provide real GDP, which accounts for changes in price levels over time.

Key Differences

·       GVA focuses on value addition within the production process, while GDP encompasses the total value of all goods and services produced.

·       GVA incorporates subsidies and taxes on products to arrive at a net value, whereas GDP does not account for these adjustments.

·       GVA allows for detailed sectoral analysis, while GDP provides a broader, aggregate perspective of the economy.

·       Changes in GVA indicate sector-specific productivity and efficiency, influencing targeted policy interventions, whereas GDP guides overall economic policy formulation.

·       GVA is often used for international comparisons due to its standardized methodology, while GDP remains the primary measure for cross-country comparisons.


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