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EU Parliament Passes AI Regulation Act


Why is it in the news?

  • The European Union Parliament has passed the groundbreaking AI Act, marking the first major legislative effort globally to regulate Artificial Intelligence.

More about the news

  • The AI Act aims to safeguard fundamental rights, democracy, rule of law, and environmental sustainability, all while fostering innovation within the AI sector.
  • It introduces a framework categorizing AI systems into four levels of risk:

1) Unacceptable Risk: Any AI system posing a threat to EU Fundamental Rights falls under this category and is prohibited.

2) High-Risk: AI systems with potential impacts on health, safety, and Fundamental Rights are subject to conformity assessments and ongoing monitoring.

3) Specific Transparency Risk: AI systems with risks related to manipulation or impersonation must fulfil information and transparency obligations.

4) Minimal Risk: Common AI systems such as spam filters are considered to have minimal risk and are not subject to specific regulations.

  • General-purpose AI models with systemic risks must assess and mitigate these risks, report serious incidents, and undergo state-of-the-art tests.
  • Real-time remote biometric identification in publicly accessible spaces, like facial recognition via CCTV, is prohibited with limited exceptions.
  • Efforts to mitigate racial and gender biases in AI systems are mandated, requiring high-risk systems to be trained with adequately representative datasets to minimize biases.

 

India’s Steps to Promote AI

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has issued an advisory directing platforms to label unreliable AI models and seek explicit prior approval from the government before deploying them.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 India has launched an AI mission aimed at fostering the development and adoption of AI technologies within the country.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 India established a National AI Strategy in 2018, outlining long-term goals and approaches for AI development and utilization.

Global Efforts to Promote AI

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Bletchley Declaration: Signed by 29 countries, including India and the EU, the Bletchley Declaration signifies international cooperation and commitment towards the responsible development and deployment of AI.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Global Partnership on AI (GPAI): The establishment of GPAI represents a collaborative effort among nations to address challenges and opportunities associated with AI development, ensuring it remains safe, secure, and trustworthy.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 New Delhi Declaration: This declaration, among other global initiatives, aims to advance discussions and consensus on the ethical and regulatory frameworks surrounding AI.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Hiroshima AI Process (HAP): Led by G7 nations, the HAP initiative seeks to regulate AI technologies and ensure their alignment with societal values and interests.

 

 

 

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