Why is it in the news?
- European Union (EU) lawmakers have recently achieved a significant milestone by reaching a provisional deal on a comprehensive set of rules governing the use of artificial intelligence (AI).
- The primary goal is to establish the world’s first comprehensive legal framework to regulate the deployment and impact of artificial intelligence.
- It is to safeguard fundamental rights, democratic principles, and environmental concerns while fostering innovation in the AI domain.
Key Provisions of the AI Law
Four Levels of Risks:
- Unacceptable Risk: They are banned. Example: Deployment of mass-scale facial recognition is banned due to its high risk.
- High Risk: Allowed but subject to certification to ensure safety and accountability, such as AI tools for self-driving cars.
- Medium Risk: Can be deployed without restrictions but require detailed documentation for transparency. Examples include generative AI chatbots.
- Minimal Risk: No restrictions on applications like AI-powered spam filters and video games.
Biometric Surveillance: Governments can employ real-time biometric surveillance in public areas only under exceptional circumstances, such as during serious threats like terrorist attacks.
Empowering Consumers: Consumers have the right to launch complaints against perceived violations, emphasizing individual agency and accountability.
Penalties for Non-Compliance: Fines will be imposed based on a percentage of the global annual turnover or a predetermined amount, whichever is higher. This stringent approach aims to incentivize compliance.
EU AI Office: The establishment of the EU AI Office is proposed, tasked with monitoring and penalizing entities that violate the AI regulations, reinforcing regulatory oversight.
Comparison with Other Countries
|United States (US)
|AI Bill of Rights and Executive Order on AI
|Focuses on addressing ethical and legal considerations in the development and deployment of artificial intelligence.
|Own Set of AI Regulations
|Implements regulations to manage the development and deployment of artificial intelligence technologies.
|Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) Approach
|Adopts a collaborative and controlled approach where the government sanctions underlying AI technology for private development.
- The EU Artificial Intelligence Act represents a groundbreaking effort to balance innovation with ethical considerations, setting a global precedent for comprehensive AI regulations.