Dongria Kondh Tribe


Why is it in the news?

  • Members of the Dongria Kondh community, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) in Odisha, threaten to boycott upcoming elections unless ‘false’ cases related to anti-mining protests and alleged Maoist links are withdrawn.
About Dongria Kondh Tribes

·        Reside in the Niyamgiri hill range in Odisha, India.

·        Known for distinctive jewellery, tattoos, and hairstyles.

·        Women wear multiple rings through their ears and noses, while boys wear nose rings.

·        Girls wear hair clips, neck rings, and beads.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

·        Originated from the Dhebar Commission’s categorization of Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) in 1973.

·        In 1975, 52 tribal groups were identified as PTGs, and 23 more were added in 1993.

·        In 2006, PTGs were renamed PVTGs.

·        PVTGs are highly vulnerable with primitive traits, geographic isolation, low literacy, and zero to negative population growth.

·        They often have a pre-agriculture level of technology and rely heavily on hunting for food.

·        Odisha has the largest population of PVTGs in India, followed by Madhya Pradesh.

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