1. Home
  2. Blog
  3. UPSC

Digitalisation of Agriculture in India

Why is it in the news?

The Union Government has inaugurated the Agriculture Integrated Command and Control Centre.

 More about the news

  • The primary objective is to empower farmers through the integration of digital technology, providing them with comprehensive information, essential services, and modern facilities.
  • The centre serves as a platform where all digital advancements initiated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare are displayed simultaneously on a large screen, offering farmers easy access to cutting-edge technological solutions in one place.


Digital Infrastructure in Agriculture

·       Digitalisation of agriculture involves the integration of advanced digital technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics, unmanned aviation systems, sensors, and communication networks into the farm production system.

·       These technological innovations play a crucial role in increasing agricultural productivity, improving irrigation efficiency, and optimizing the management of inputs, thereby leading to higher returns for farmers.


Role of Digital Public Infrastructure

·       Assessing Soil Health: Technological interventions, including soil sensors, remote sensing, and unmanned aerial surveying, enable farmers to assess crop and soil health conditions at various stages of production.

·       Improving Crop Yield: Utilization of Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning (AI/ML) algorithms facilitates the generation of real-time actionable insights for enhancing crop yield, controlling pests, conducting soil screening, and providing valuable data to farmers.

·       Blockchain Technology: Implementation of blockchain technology ensures the provision of tamper-proof and accurate data regarding farms, inventories, transactions, and food tracking, thereby enhancing transparency and security in the agricultural ecosystem.


Benefits of Digital Agriculture

·       Increasing Productivity: Digitalisation of agriculture leads to increased productivity and reduced production costs, thereby improving the overall profitability of farming operations.

·       Environmental Sustainability: It helps in mitigating soil degradation, reducing chemical application in crop production, promoting efficient use of water resources, and minimizing environmental and ecological impacts.

·       Socio-Economic Development: By empowering farmers with access to digital tools and information, it contributes to uplifting the socio-economic status of farmers and rural communities.

·       Worker Safety: Implementation of digital technologies enhances worker safety by reducing manual labour and exposure to hazardous agricultural practices.


Challenges in Implementation

·       Limited Digital Infrastructure: Rural areas often lack robust digital infrastructure, such as reliable internet connectivity and electricity, which hinders the widespread adoption of digital technologies by farmers.

·       Digital Divide: There exists a significant disparity in access to digital resources between urban and rural areas, posing a challenge to the equitable distribution of technological benefits.

·       Cost of Technology: Many digital agriculture solutions require substantial investments, making them unaffordable for smallholder farmers with limited financial resources.

·       Fragmented Agriculture Sector: India’s agriculture sector is characterized by fragmentation, with a large number of smallholder farmers cultivating diverse crops across different regions, making it challenging to develop digital solutions that cater to this diversity.

·       Capacity Building: Training farmers to effectively utilize digital tools and interpret the data generated poses a significant challenge and requires substantial investment in capacity-building initiatives.



·       Given the prevalence of agricultural land leasing arrangements, there is a need for portable hardware solutions that can be easily transferred between farm plots.

·       Digital platforms offering equipment renting and sharing services can address the financial constraints faced by farmers, particularly those with small farm plots.

·       Collaboration with academic institutes and agricultural organizations for providing training facilities and capacity-building programs can enhance digital adoption among farmers.



Government Initiatives

  • India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (IDEA): A framework designed to facilitate innovative agri-focused solutions using emerging technologies.
  • National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A): Allocation of funds to states/UTs for projects involving modern technologies such as AI, ML, Robotics, Drones, Data Analytics, and Blockchain in agriculture.
  • National Agriculture Market (e-NAM): A pan-India electronic trading portal connecting Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
  • PM KISAN Scheme: Direct transfer of funds to eligible farmers’ bank accounts under the Direct Benefit Transfer mode, with self-registration available through the Farmers’ Corner in the portal and a dedicated mobile app for broader access.
  • Integrated Scheme for Agricultural Marketing (AGMARKNET): Supports the creation of agricultural marketing infrastructure and offers services through the AGMARKNET portal for stakeholders, including farmers, industry, and policymakers.
  • Mobile Apps by ICAR: Development of more than 100 mobile apps by ICAR, State Agricultural Universities, and Krishi Vigyan Kendras offering valuable information to farmers on various aspects of agriculture, including crops, horticulture, veterinary, dairy, poultry, fisheries, and natural resources management.



  • The integration of cutting-edge technologies into agriculture holds immense potential to enhance farmers’ incomes, improve food and nutrition security, and promote environmental sustainability.
  • However, for this transition to be successful, it must be inclusive, addressing the needs of smallholder farmers and ensuring equitable access to digital resources and benefits.
  • Continued collaboration between the government, academic institutions, agricultural organizations, and the private sector is essential to overcome the challenges and realize the full potential of digital agriculture in India.

Get free UPSC Updates straight to your inbox!

Get Updates on New Notification about APPSC, TSPSC and UPSC

Get Current Affairs Updates Directly into your Inbox

Discover more from AMIGOS IAS

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading