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Cervical Cancer


Why is it in the news?

  • The Union Budget 2024-25 includes provisions to promote vaccination against cervical cancer as a preventive measure.
  • Further, the girls aged 9 to 14 years will be the primary focus of the vaccination campaign.
Cervical CancerTop of Form

About:

 

·       Cervical cancer originates in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

·       The vast majority (99%) of cervical cancer cases are linked to persistent infection with high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is commonly transmitted through sexual contact.

·       Cervical cancer ranks as the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and the second most common in India.

Prevention Strategies:

·       Involves vaccination against HPV as it is highly effective in preventing HPV infection and subsequent development of cervical cancer. It is especially beneficial when administered to girls before they become sexually active.

·       Includes screening for cervical abnormalities through methods like Pap smear tests and HPV testing. Early detection of precancerous lesions allows for prompt treatment, preventing the progression to invasive cervical cancer.

Treatment:

·       Cervical cancer is highly treatable when detected early. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches.

·       Even in advanced stages, cervical cancer can be managed effectively with appropriate treatment and palliative care, focusing on improving the patient’s quality of life.

Vaccines Available in India:

·       Produced by Merck, Gardasil is one of the HPV vaccines available in India. It protects against several strains of HPV, including those most commonly associated with cervical cancer.

·       Manufactured by the Serum Institute of India, Cervavac is another HPV vaccine option that provides protection against cervical cancer-causing HPV strains.

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