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Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) Initiative

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Asian Development Bank recently launched Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindukush Himalayas (HKH) Initiative.

About the Initiative

  • The initiative supports Bhutan and Nepal in climate adaptation.
  • Aims to provide essential information for effective climate adaptation strategies.
  • Facilitates understanding of risks and decision-making on disaster risk reduction.
  • Includes measures for adaptation and risk transfer solutions, such as insurance.

About HKH

  • Extends from the Hindu Kush valleys in Afghanistan to the hill and mountain systems of Myanmar.
  • Home to the largest ice reserves outside of the polar regions.
  • Feeds 10 major rivers, including the Ganga, sustaining the livelihoods of billions.
  • HKH region is warming faster than the global average.
  • 75% of glaciers in Bhutan and Nepal could melt by the end of the century if global temperature rises by 3°C.
  • Economic losses in HKH from disasters amounted to $45 billion from 1985 to 2014, the highest in any mountainous region globally.

Initiatives to Protect HKH

  • ICIMOD (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development) works towards climate-resilient HKH.
  • Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme (HIMAP) is coordinated by ICIMOD.
  • India’s National Mission on Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, part of the National Action Plan on Climate Change, contributes to HKH preservation.
About ADB

·       Established in 1966 with 68 member countries.

·       Aims for a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia-Pacific region.

·       Seeks to eradicate extreme poverty in the region.

·       Assists members and partners through loans, technical assistance, grants, etc.

·       Top five shareholders: Japan and the US (each with 15.6% of total shares), China (6.4%), India (6.3%), and Australia (5.8%).

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