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Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindu Kush Himalayas (HKH) Initiative

Why is it in the news?

  • Asian Development Bank recently launched Building Adaptation and Resilience in the Hindukush Himalayas (HKH) Initiative.

About the Initiative

  • The initiative supports Bhutan and Nepal in climate adaptation.
  • Aims to provide essential information for effective climate adaptation strategies.
  • Facilitates understanding of risks and decision-making on disaster risk reduction.
  • Includes measures for adaptation and risk transfer solutions, such as insurance.

About HKH

  • Extends from the Hindu Kush valleys in Afghanistan to the hill and mountain systems of Myanmar.
  • Home to the largest ice reserves outside of the polar regions.
  • Feeds 10 major rivers, including the Ganga, sustaining the livelihoods of billions.
  • HKH region is warming faster than the global average.
  • 75% of glaciers in Bhutan and Nepal could melt by the end of the century if global temperature rises by 3掳C.
  • Economic losses in HKH from disasters amounted to $45 billion from 1985 to 2014, the highest in any mountainous region globally.

Initiatives to Protect HKH

  • ICIMOD (International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development) works towards climate-resilient HKH.
  • Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme (HIMAP) is coordinated by ICIMOD.
  • India’s National Mission on Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem, part of the National Action Plan on Climate Change, contributes to HKH preservation.
About ADB

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Established in 1966 with 68 member countries.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Aims for a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia-Pacific region.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Seeks to eradicate extreme poverty in the region.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Assists members and partners through loans, technical assistance, grants, etc.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Top five shareholders: Japan and the US (each with 15.6% of total shares), China (6.4%), India (6.3%), and Australia (5.8%).

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