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Birth Anniversary Celebration of Sant Meerabai

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • The Prime Minister Narendra Modi took part in the 525th birth anniversary celebration of Sant Meerabai in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.

 

About Sant Meerabai (1498-1546)

  • Sant Meerabai was a prominent saint poet associated with the Bhakti movement.
  • She was a Saguna Bhakt with profound devotion to Lord Krishna, whom she considered her husband.
  • Born to Rajput King Ratan Singh in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. She married Bhoj Raj, the son of Rana Sanga and prince of Mewar, in 1516. He passed away in 1521.
  • She chose not to participate in the royal household and instead moved to Brindavan to deepen her devotion. Meerabai is believed to have spent her final years in Dwarka.
  • She composed her poems in the Rajasthani dialect of Hindi and Braj. Some of her most famous compositions include “Mere to giridhar gopal” and “Paayoji maine Ram Ratan dhan paayo.”
  • Her poems have been translated into English by poets like Robert Bly and Jane Hirshfield in the book ‘Meerabai: Ecstatic Poems.’
  • Meerabai was a disciple of Saint Ravidas, who hailed from a caste considered “untouchable.”
  • Her religious pursuits challenged societal norms for princesses and widows, making her a social reformer.

 

Bhakti Movement

·       Bhakti means personal devotion to God.

·       The Bhakti movement emphasized attaining God through devotion (bhakti) rather than rigid rules or societal structures.

·       In North India, the Bhakti movement occurred between 1300 and 1550 A.D.

·       The movement can be classified into two categories: saguna (with attributes) and nirguna (without attributes) bhakti.

·       Prominent saints of the Bhakti movement include Guru Nanak, Tulsidas, Kabirdas, Ravidas, and Surdas, among others.

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