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Bharatmala Phase 1 Extension

Why is it in the news?

  • The deadline for Bharatmala Phase 1, a flagship highway development program under the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, has been extended by six years to 2027-28.

Bharatmala Pariyojana

  • Launched in 2017, it is an umbrella program for the highways sector, focusing on developing critical infrastructure gaps by constructing 34,800 km of National Highways by 2022.
  • As of November 2023, 42% of the Bharatmala Phase 1 project has been completed.


  • Optimize efficiency in freight and passenger movement across the country.
  • Improve connectivity in the North East.
  • Enhance efficiency of existing corridors through the development of Multimodal Logistics Parks.


  • Utilizes satellite mapping to identify corridor upgradation requirements.
  • Conducts technology-based automated traffic surveys at over 1,500 points.
  • Origin-Destination study of freight movement across 600 districts.


Gaps in Highway Infrastructure

  • Inadequacy in optimizing the National Highway network and road network due to resource constraints.
  • Lack of integrated planning in connecting major corridors and ports with the hinterland.
  • Presence of congestion points, even on developed corridors.
  • Lack of accident response infrastructure.


Components of Bharatmala Phase-I

CategoryLength (km)Purpose
Economic Corridors9000Unlocking economic potential
Inter Corridor and Feeder Route6000Ensuring holistic connectivity
National Corridors Efficiency Improvement5000Enhancing efficiency
Border Roads and International Connectivity2000Boosting border connectivity
Coastal Roads and Port Connectivity2000Leveraging ports for progress
Greenfield Expressways800Express speeds for express gains
Balance NHDP works10,000Boosting all-round connectivity

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