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Angola’s Withdrawal from OPEC

Why is it in the news?

  • Angola has decided to withdraw from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).


  • Established in 1960 at the Baghdad Conference by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela.
  • Other members include Algeria, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, and the United Arab Emirates.
  • OPEC’s primary goal is to coordinate and unify petroleum policies among member countries.
  • Aims to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers and ensure an efficient, economic, and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations.
  • OPEC’s headquarters is located in Vienna, Austria.


Significance of OPEC

  • OPEC possesses more than 80% of the world’s total crude oil reserves.
  • OPEC+ (OPEC and 10 other major oil-exporting nations, including Russia) represents around 40% of the world’s oil production.
  • Oil prices are primarily determined by demand and supply dynamics. OPEC utilizes a spot or future sale mechanism for price regulation. (Spot Prices: Represent the cost of buying or selling oil immediately; Oil Futures: Contracts where parties agree to exchange a set amount of oil at a predetermined price on a specific date).
  • OPEC uses Brent Crude as a benchmark for assessing the quality of crude oil.
  • Another major benchmark is WTI (West Texas Intermediate).


Role of OPEC+

  • OPEC+ is a coalition of OPEC and 10 other major oil-exporting nations, including Russia.
  • Together, OPEC+ plays a significant role in influencing global oil production and prices.
  • OPEC+ collectively controls a substantial portion of the world’s oil production, impacting global energy markets.
  • OPEC’s influence extends globally, affecting energy policies and economies worldwide.

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