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Ambedkar Jayanti


Why is it in the news?

  • President Murmu, PM Modi pay tributes to Dr. B.R. Ambedkar on his 134th birth anniversary.

More about the news

  • Ambedkar Jayanti, celebrated on April 14 every year, commemorates the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar, the ‘Father of the Indian Constitution.’
  • Ambedkar, born in 1891, was not only the principal architect of the Indian Constitution but also the first Law Minister of Independent India, a jurist, economist, and social reformer.
  • He dedicated his life to eradicating discrimination against untouchables, advocating for women’s and labour rights, earning him the moniker ‘Equality Day’ for his relentless pursuit of equality.
  • His legacy inspires continued efforts towards creating a more inclusive and equitable society, promoting justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity as enshrined in the Indian Constitution.
Mahad Satyagraha and its significance

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Mahad Satyagraha of 1927 is regarded as the foundational event of the Dalit movement, representing the first major collective protest by the Dalit community against the caste system under the leadership of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Satyagraha symbolized the collective resolve of Dalits to reject the oppressive caste system and assert their human rights, marking a significant milestone in the struggle for Dalit emancipation.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Led by Dr. Ambedkar, the Mahad Satyagraha demonstrated organized resistance against caste-based discrimination and oppression, setting a precedent for future anti-caste movements.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Satyagraha was triggered by the refusal of upper-caste Hindus to allow Dalits access to public water sources, despite a resolution passed by the Bombay Legislative Council advocating for their rights.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Dr. Ambedkar played a pivotal role in organizing and leading the Satyagraha, mobilizing Dalit communities across Maharashtra and Gujarat to participate in the movement.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Symbolic actions such as the burning of the Manusmriti, a text associated with caste-based discrimination, during the Satyagraha, sent shockwaves through Hindu society and underscored the Dalit community’s defiance of oppressive social norms.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Mahad Satyagraha served as a blueprint for organizing future movements against the caste system, inspiring Dalits to challenge caste-based discrimination and assert their rights.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The success of the Mahad Satyagraha catapulted Dr. Ambedkar to national prominence as a leader of the oppressed classes, shaping his political trajectory and cementing his role as a champion of social justice and equality.

 

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