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Agni-Prime Ballistic Missile

Why is it in the news?

  • The Agni-Prime is a newly developed ballistic missile successfully flight-tested by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island, off the coast of Odisha.

About Agni-Prime

  • It is a two-stage, surface-to-surface missile designed to be launched from canisters, making it road-mobile and enhancing its strategic flexibility.
  • Unlike its predecessors, the Agni-Prime is fuelled by solid propellants, contributing to its reliability and readiness for deployment.
  • The missile is equipped with a dual redundant navigation and guidance system, ensuring accurate targeting capabilities.
  • With a range between 1000 to 2000 kilometres, the Agni-Prime fills the gap between short-range and intermediate-range ballistic missiles, bolstering India’s deterrence capabilities.
  • Notably, the Agni-Prime is lighter than earlier models in the Agni series, enhancing its mobility and ease of deployment.
  • It incorporates several advancements, including upgrades to the composite motor casing, a manoeuvrable re-entry vehicle (MaRV), and improved propellants, navigation, and guidance systems, enhancing its accuracy and effectiveness.
Ballistic Missiles

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Ballistic missiles are rocket-propelled, self-guided strategic weapons systems designed to follow a ballistic trajectory from launch to target.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 They are capable of carrying various types of payloads, including conventional high explosives, as well as chemical, biological, or nuclear munitions.

Strategic Forces Command (SFC)

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) is part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA), sometimes referred to as the Strategic Nuclear Command.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Nuclear Command Authority consists of a Political Council and an Executive Council. The Political Council, chaired by the Prime Minister, holds the sole authority to authorize the use of nuclear weapons.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Executive Council, chaired by the National Security Advisor, offers inputs for decision-making to the Nuclear Command Authority and executes directives issued by the Political Council.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The SFC is tasked with managing and administering India’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile, ensuring readiness and operational effectiveness.


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