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50 years of Chipko Movement


Why is it in the news?

  • The Chipko Movement, spanning 50 years, epitomizes grassroots environmental activism through its nonviolent tree-hugging protests in India, promoting forest conservation and community empowerment.

More about the news

  • The Chipko Movement originated in 1973 in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand (then Uttar Pradesh) to prevent the felling of trees in the Himalayas.
  • Led by environmentalists like Sundarlal Bahuguna and Gaura Devi, villagers embraced trees (hence “Chipko,” meaning “embrace”) to protect them from being cut down.
  • The movement traces its roots back to the 18th century when the Bishnoi community in Rajasthan initiated a similar movement to protect sacred trees.
  • Chipko gained international recognition for its mobilization of women in environmental conservation, reflecting the principles of Eco-feminism.
Eco-feminism

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Eco-feminism is a philosophical and political movement that explores the links between ecological issues and the oppression of women in patriarchal societies.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 It critiques capitalist patriarchy for prioritizing profit over environmental and social well-being.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Eco-feminism highlights the importance of traditional ecological knowledge often held and transmitted by women.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Women’s direct relationship with the natural environment, through activities like water and firewood collection, underscores their role in sustainable practices.

 

Other notable eco-feminist movements

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Narmada Bachao Andolan led by Medha Patkar against dam construction, the Appiko Movement in Karnataka’s Western Ghats, and the Silent Valley Movement in Kerala.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Women’s activism in response to environmental injustices, such as the Bhopal Gas tragedy, exemplifies the ongoing relevance of eco-feminism in advocating for environmental and social justice.

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